י 324) עפרוני חכלילי

Bar-tailed Lark
Bar-tailed Lark
Bar-tailed Lark










Ammomanes cincturus
Ammomanes cincturus
Ammomanes cincturus



:עפרוני חכלילי
. קטן מעפרוני המדבר וצבעו חדגוני יותר
. ניכר בגבו הערמוני והפס הכהה שבזנבו, מקורו קטן ודק
. מעופו מהיר וגלי, ריצתו מהירה עם הפסקות פתאומיות
. בית גידולו מסהרה המערבית ועד פקיסטן
מתלהק בלהקות קטנות על משטחי חול
. ולעיתים רחוקות בין סלעים ושיחים מדבריים
. בארץ יציב, די שכיח בנגב ודוגר קיץ בעיקר בערבה
... כנף רננים נעלסה ... איוב לט' יג
Subspecies and Distribution.
A. c. cincturus Cape Verde Is.
A. c. arenicolor Sahara, Arabia and Middle East.
A. c. zarudnyi Iran and Pakistan. םםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםם םםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםם
Descriptive notes.
15 cm, 17-20 g, wingspan 25-29 cm. One of at least species of lark that breed in Israel.
Plumage essentially pale grey-buff, more uniform than in other desert-dwelling larks, but with obvious orange glow on upper and underwing and on tail base.
Primaries and tail feathers variably tipped black, with marks on tail. Sexes similar, not seasonal variation.
Habitat.
In subtropical and tropical lower latitudes, in contrast to Desert Lark on wide flat or gently sloping bare stony or sandy deserts, rarely with more than sparse vegetation, and without access to water or relief from intense heat.
In Arabia, a bird of flat absolute desert, seldom among bushes or even rocks, and in Indian subcontinent, in open stony scrub and bush plains and plateaux, and ploughed fields and fallow.
Food and Feeding.
Seeds and other plant material, and insects. will feed by digging into ground, but less often than Eremalauda dunni and picks from surface more. Feeding flock will move rapidly forward, alternately running and pausing.
Breeding.
Sep-Apr in Cape Verde Is, probably affedted by occurrince of rains. Feb-Apr in N Africa. Mar in E Saudi Arabia.
Nest shallow depression lined with vegetation, often with rim of small stones all round or on exposed side, on ground usually in shelter of tussock or small stone.
2 eggs, smooth and glossy, white, lightly spotted with black, grey and purple.
No further information.
Movements.
Mainly resident, also dispersive to an uncertain extent. In N Africa there are complex short distance movements after breeding.
Nomadic behaviour also noted in Saudi Arabia and southern Oman. Scarce and irregular visitor to Gulf territories of Kuwait, Qatar, Dunai, and N Oman (Mar-Jul).
Status and Conservation.
Not globally threatened. Common in Morocco, widespread and commoner than Desert Lark. Uncommon and local in Egypt.
Israel.
extent breeding summer visitor in C and S Arava and central Negev.

(in Israel)




HOME NEXT