י 349) פיפיון ערבות

Blyth's Pipit
Blyth's Pipit
Blyth's Pipit










Anthus godlewskii
Anthus godlewskii
Anthus godlewskii


:פפיפיון ערבות
. פיפיון גדול, דומה וקטן במקצת לפפיון ארך-רגלים
. בהיר למדי ומפוספס בקוים חומים על חזהו וגבו
. בית גידולו משתרע במרכז ודרום מזרח אסיה, מאזור הביקל ועד מנצ'וריה וטיבט
. חורף בהודו וסרי לנקה, בערבות ואזורים שטוחים, רמות ומורדות הרים
. בארץ עובר אורח אקראי נדיר ביותר
.
Subspecies and Distribution.
Anthus godlewskii breeds from southern Transbayklia end eastern Manchuria S to Tibet. Winters in India and Sri Lanka.םםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםם םםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםם
Descriptive notes.
17 cm, 25-29 g, wingspan 28-30 cm. Large and long, rather bright, buff, streaked pipit, with general character. In all plumages, indistinct cheek surround, rather pale hindneck, prominent median and greater covert panels, and orange-buff tone of whole underbody including under tail-coverts provide clues, but no clearly diagnostic characters yet established. Sexes similar, no seasonal variation
Habitat.
Breeds extralimitally in middle, lower middle, and low latitudes in continental steppe zone and in uplands and mountains. Occasionally on mountain slopes and permafrost ground and on very damp meadows, but typically differs in avoiding latter in favour of gravel or stony steppe, meadow steppe, and dry slopes.
Food and Feeding.
Diet mainly based on insects and other invertebrates, also seeds. Taken from among ground vegetation. Behaviour much as that of other grassland pipits
Breeding.
Laying in May, In display-flight, rises to 10-20m, hovers while singing, then descends steeply to ground.
Nest a well-camouflaged grass cup, on ground. 3-5 eggs. Incubation by female, 12-14 days.
Movements.
Migratory. Widespread and locally common in main winter quarters. Autumn departure starts Jul in Transbaykalia, Aug-Sep in eastern Tibet. Passage extends from Aug-Oct in Bhutan, Sikkim and Nepal.
Status and Conservation.
Not globally threatened. No evidence of declined.
Israel.
In Israel subspecies Anthus godlewskii straggler, vagrant Arabia and Israel, record in Eilot fields.

in Israel




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