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י 460) סבכי חורש

Orphean Warbler
Orphean Warbler
Orphean Warbler








Sylvia hortensis
Sylvia hortensis
Sylvia hortensis


:סבכי חורש
. סבכי גדול ומגושם, בעל ראש גדול, מקור חזק וזנבו רבוע ושוליו לבנים
. קודקודו ולחיו שחורים בניגוד לגרונו הלבן ומבליטים את עיניו הלבנות
. חלק גופו העליון חום-אפל וגחונו אפרפר-צהבהב. מעופו ושירתו דומים לזה של הקיכלי
. בית גידולו משתרע באגן ים התיכון, המזרח התיכון ועד למרכז אסיה
, בית חיותו אזורים חמים ויבשים לרוב בשפלות, גבעות ולעיתים לרגלי הרים
. בינות לחורשים ויערות דלילים וסבכים
. בארץ עובר אורח מצוי בכל חלקי הארץ ומבקר ודוגר קיץ בהרים של המרכז והצפון
Subspecies and Distribution.
S. h. hortensis S-W Europe E to Switzerland and Italy, and N-W Africa E to Tripolitania.
S. h. crassirostris Cyrenaica and from Slovenija through Balkan peninsula to Levant, Asia Minor, and Transcaucasia.
S. h. jerdoni S-C Asia E from Iran and Turkmeniya. םםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםם םםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםםם
Descriptive notes.
14-15 cm, 22-29 g, wingspan 20-25 cm. Large and robust warbler, with strong bill and heavy head. Bulk and square-taild silhouette recall long-tailed chat. Plumage dark dusky-brown above, mostly grey or buff below, with noticeable features restricted in adult to pale eye set in dull black male or dusky female face, white throat, and clear white edges to tail.
Flight recalls chat as much as other warbler.
Habitat. Breeds in lower middle latitudes of west Palearctic, mainly in warm, dry Mediterranean climate but secondarily in steppe and warm temperate zones, not only in lowland but on hillsides and mountain foothills.
Food and Feeding.
Chiefly invertebrates, also berries. Prefers to feed in larger bushes and trees where it flits about canopy picking small insects from branches.
Breeding.
End of Apr to late June in S Europe, mid Nay to early Jun in S-E Europe, mid Apr to early Jun in N-W Africa. Nest site, in branches of small trees and shrubs, from ground up to 1,4 m above.
Nest, well-constructed cup of grass and plant stems, with some twigs, bound together with cobwebs, moss, fibres, and plant down, lined with finer grasses, fibres, and plant down, and sometimes spider cocoons.
3-5 eggs, sub-elliptical, smooth and glossy, whiter very faintly tinged bluish, sparsely spotted, speckled, and blotched brown, black or olive, and grey, markings heavier at broad end. Incubation, 12-14 days, by both sexes.
Movements.
All populations migratory. Western race nominate, winters in sub-Saharan Africa. South-east European and Levant race
crassirostris, winters in N-E Africa, in autumn, birds from west of range apparently head S-E towards Levant initially, fairly common in Israel and Sinai, rare throughout Egypt.
Eastern race jerdoni, winters in India, Pakistan, Iran and Arabia
Status and Conservation.
Not globally threatened. Breeds abundantly neat Aflou in Atlas Saharien (Algeria).
Israel.
In Israel subspecies S. h. crassirostris fairly common passage migrant and quite common local breeding summer visitor in mountainous.

in Israel




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